Federal CIP Code Definitions

BUSINESS, MANAGEMENT, MARKETING, AND RELATED SUPPORT SERVICES.

52.1005
Human Resources Development.

A program that prepares individuals to apply integrated training, organizational development, and career planning and counseling skills to the design, management, and evaluation of programs to improve individual productivity, employability, and job satisfaction and organizational effectiveness. Includes instruction in psychology; organizational behavior; principles of adult education; occupational counseling; skill testing and evaluation; program design; consulting practice; organizational development; and applications to issues such as training, management development, customer service, and total quality management.

52.1099
Human Resources Management and Services, Other.

Any instructional program in human resources management not listed above.

52.1101
International Business/Trade/Commerce.

A program that prepares individuals to manage international businesses and/or business operations. Includes instruction in the principles and processes of export sales, trade controls, foreign operations and related problems, monetary issues, international business policy, and applications to doing business in specific countries and markets.

52.1201
Management Information Systems, General.

A program that generally prepares individuals to provide and manage data systems and related facilities for processing and retrieving internal business information; select systems and train personnel; and respond to external data requests. Includes instruction in cost and accounting information systems, management control systems, personnel information systems, data storage and security, business systems networking, report preparation, computer facilities and equipment operation and maintenance, operator supervision and training, and management information systems policy and planning.

52.1206
Information Resources Management.

A program that prepares individuals to apply principles of information technology, computer systems management, and business operations to the planning, management, and evaluation of information services in organizations. Includes instruction in telecommunications, systems planning and integration, information policy, information security, contracting and purchasing, budgeting, information technology, operations management, human resources, communications skills, and applicable law and regulations.

52.1207
Knowledge Management.

A program that focuses on the study of knowledge management in government agencies and corporations for the purpose of supporting stated organizational goals and objectives, and prepares individuals to function as information resource managers. Includes instruction in information technology, principles of computer and information systems, management information systems, applicable policy and regulations, and operations and personnel management.

52.1299
Management Information Systems and Services, Other.

Any program in business information and data processing services not listed above.

52.1301
Management Science.

A general program that focuses on the application of statistical modeling, data warehousing, data mining, programming, forecasting and operations research techniques to the analysis of problems of business organization and performance. Includes instruction in optimization theory and mathematical techniques, data mining, data warehousing, stochastic and dynamic modeling, operations analysis, and the design and testing of prototype systems and evaluation models.

52.1302
Business Statistics.

A program that focuses on the application of mathematical statistics to the description, analysis, and forecasting of business data. Includes instruction in statistical theory and methods, computer applications, data analysis and display, long- and short-term forecasting methods, and market performance analysis.

52.1304
Actuarial Science.

A program that focuses on the mathematical and statistical analysis of risk, and their applications to insurance and other business management problems. Includes instruction in forecasting theory, quantitative and non-quantitative risk measurement methodologies, development of risk tables, secondary data analysis, and computer-assisted research methods.

52.1399
Management Sciences and Quantitative Methods, Other.

Any instructional program in business quantitative methods and management science not listed above.

52.1401
Marketing/Marketing Management, General.

A program that generally prepares individuals to undertake and manage the process of developing consumer audiences and moving products from producers to consumers. Includes instruction in buyer behavior and dynamics, principle of marketing research, demand analysis, cost-volume and profit relationships, pricing theory, marketing campaign and strategic planning, market segments, advertising methods, sales operations and management, consumer relations, retailing, and applications to specific products and markets.

52.1402
Marketing Research.

A program that prepares individuals to provide analytical descriptions of consumer behavior patterns and market environments to marketing managers and other business decision-makers. Includes instruction in survey research methods, research design, new product test marketing, exploratory marketing, consumer needs and preferences analysis, geographic analysis, and applications to specific products and markets.

52.1403
International Marketing.

A program that prepares individuals to perform marketing activities in enterprises primarily engaged in exporting or importing goods and services in world markets. Includes instruction in international trade controls, foreign trade operations, locating markets, negotiation practices, monetary issues, and international public relations.

52.1499
Marketing, Other.

Any instructional program in general marketing and marketing research not listed above.

52.1501
Real Estate.

A program that prepares individuals to develop, buy, sell, appraise, and manage real estate. Includes instruction in land use development policy, real estate law, real estate marketing procedures, agency management, brokerage, property inspection and appraisal, real estate investing, leased and rental properties, commercial real estate, and property management.

52.1601
Taxation.

A program that prepares individuals to provide tax advice and management services to individuals and corporations. Includes instruction in tax law and regulations, tax record systems, individual and corporate income taxation, tax planning, partnerships and fiduciary relationships, estates and trusts, property depreciation, capital gains and losses, dispositions, transfers, liquidity, valuation, and applications to specific tax problems.

52.1701
Insurance.

A program that prepares individuals to manage risk in organizational settings and provide insurance and risk-aversion services to businesses, individuals, and other organizations. Includes instruction in casualty insurance and general liability, property insurance, employee benefits, social and health insurance, loss adjustment, underwriting, risk theory, and pension planning.

52.1801
Sales, Distribution, and Marketing Operations, General.

A program that focuses on the general process and techniques of direct wholesale and retail buying and selling operations and introduces individuals to related careers. Includes instruction in the principles of entrepreneurial economics, basic sales skills, the distribution channels for goods and services, and supervised practical application experiences.

52.1802
Merchandising and Buying Operations.

A program that prepares individuals to function as professional buyers of resale products and product lines for stores, chains, and other retail enterprises. Includes instruction in product evaluation, merchandising, applicable aspects of brand and consumer research, principles of purchasing, and negotiation skills.

52.1803
Retailing and Retail Operations.

A program that prepares individuals to perform operations associated with retail sales in a variety of settings. Includes instruction in over-the-counter and other direct sales operations in business settings, basic bookkeeping principles, customer service, team/staff leadership and supervision, floor management, and applicable technical skills.

52.1804
Selling Skills and Sales Operations.

A program that prepares individuals to possess the skills associated with direct promotion of products and services to potential customers and to function as independent sales representatives and managers. Includes instruction in consumer psychology, image projection, public speaking and interpersonal communications, sales organization and operations, customer relations, professional standards and ethics, and applicable technical skills.

52.1899
General Merchandising, Sales, and Related Marketing Operations, Other.

Any instructional program in merchandising, sales, and related marketing operations not listed above.

52.1901
Auctioneering.

A program that prepares individuals for professional careers as auctioneers and auction managers, and for meeting applicable state licensing requirements. Includes instruction in bid calling, public speaking, ringworking, auction techniques, salesmanship skills, auction clerking and cashiering, auction advertising, working independently or with auction houses, contracts and agency, applicable sales law, and managing both general auctions and auctions specializing in commodities such as antiques, consignments, farm equipment, industrial equipment, real estate, livestock, and automobiles.

52.1902
Fashion Merchandising.

A program that prepares individuals to promote product lines/brands, and organize promotional campaigns, at the wholesale level to attract retailer interest, wholesale purchasing, and supply contracts. Includes instruction in wholesaling, wholesale advertising, selling, and customer relations.

52.1903
Fashion Modeling.

A program that prepares individuals to present and display fashion, apparel, and accessories products in wholesale and retail settings, either on the person or via props and natural or artificial settings. Includes instruction in modeling skills, health and cosmetic principles, fashion show management, display design and production, and applicable aspects of advertising and fashion photography.

52.1904
Apparel and Accessories Marketing Operations.

A program that prepares individuals to perform operations connected with the distribution and sale of apparel and accessories. Includes instruction in wholesaling and retailing, apparel technologies, distribution, customer sales and service skills, and principles of consumer research and sales forecasting.

52.1905
Tourism and Travel Services Marketing Operations.

A program that prepares individuals to provide direct retail services to hotel and motel clients and customers in a variety of settings. Includes instruction in the principles of hotel/motel operations, customer sales and assistance operations and techniques, telephone operations, and basic office management.

52.1906
Tourism Promotion Operations.

A program that prepares individuals to perform marketing and sales operations connected with the promotion of tourism in public and private sector settings. Includes instruction in principles of marketing research and advertising, promotional campaign organization, media relations, and applicable technical and administrative skills.

52.1907
Vehicle and Vehicle Parts and Accessories Marketing Operations.

A program that prepares individuals to perform operations connected with the distribution and sale of replacement parts and other end-use supplies in the automotive, marine, and aviation industries. Includes instruction in wholesaling and retailing, principles of vehicular technologies, storage and distribution, customer sales and service skills, and principles of consumer research and sales forecasting.

52.1908
Business and Personal/Financial Services Marketing Operations.

A program that prepares individuals to perform marketing and operational tasks associated with the provision of personal and financial services. Includes instruction in banking, marketing research, advertising, promotional campaign organization, insurance, media relations, and applicable technical and administrative skills.

52.1909
Special Products Marketing Operations.

A program that prepares individuals to perform marketing and sales operations connected with the promotion of special products, including floristry, food, and home and office products. Includes instruction in principles of marketing research and advertising, promotional campaign organization, media relations, and applicable technical and administrative skills.

52.1910
Hospitality and Recreation Marketing Operations.

A program that prepares individuals to provide marketing services in the hospitality and leisure fields. Includes instruction in hospitality operations, customer sales and assistance operations and techniques, telephone operations, basic office management, retail sports, recreation equipment, food and beverage.

52.1999
Specialized Merchandising, Sales, and Marketing Operations, Other.

Any instructional program in sales, marketing, and distribution operations not listed above.

52.2001
Construction Management.

A program that prepares individuals to manage, coordinate, and supervise the construction process from concept development through project completion on timely and economic bases. Includes instruction in commercial, residential, mechanical, highway/heavy civil, electrical, environmental, industrial, and specialty construction; facilities management; project planning; budgeting and cost control; logistics and materials management; personnel management and labor relations; site safety; construction contracting; construction processes and techniques; organization and scheduling; and applicable codes and regulations.

52.2101
Telecommunications Management.

A program that prepares individuals to apply business skills to design, implement, and manage the voice, video, and data networking systems of organizations. Includes instruction in telecommunications concepts and technologies, network operations and management, wireless communications and mobile computing, cybersecurity, regulation and public policy, business practices and management, and written and oral communications.

52.9999
Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services, Other.

Any instructional program in business, management, marketing and related support services not listed above.

HIGH SCHOOL/SECONDARY DIPLOMAS AND CERTIFICATES.

53.0101
Regular/General High School/Secondary Diploma Program.

An instructional program that defines the prescribed minimum requirements specified by a state, province, or other jurisdiction for completion of, and graduation from an undifferentiated regular secondary school program representing 12 academic years of schooling intended for school-age students. This CIP code is not valid for IPEDS reporting.

53.0102
College/University Preparatory and Advanced High School/Secondary Diploma Program.

An instructional program that defines the prescribed requirements, specified by a state, province, or other jurisdiction, for completion of, and graduation from, a secondary school program of academic subject matter designed to meet typical college and university entrance requirements. This CIP code is not valid for IPEDS reporting.

53.0103
Vocational High School and Secondary Business/Vocational-Industrial/Occupational Diploma Program.

An instructional program that defines the prescribed requirements, specified by a state, province, or other jurisdiction, for high school/secondary school graduation in a vocational program -- together with other required subject matter, and that may prepare individuals for specific occupations or direct labor market entry. This CIP code is not valid for IPEDS reporting.

53.0104
Honors/Regents High School/Secondary Diploma Program.

An instructional program that defines the prescribed requirements, specified by a state, province, or other jurisdiction for high school/secondary school graduation in an academic or vocational program at a prescribed level of outstanding scholastic performance, or via meeting special requirements beyond the minimum. This CIP code is not valid for IPEDS reporting.

53.0105
Adult High School/Secondary Diploma Program.

An instructional program that defines the prescribed requirements, specified by a state, province, or other jurisdiction for the completion of, and graduation from a secondary school program of academic subject matter offered for adult learners outside of the regular secondary school program. This does not include adult compensatory education programs resulting in completion of a high school equivalency certificate or diploma. This CIP code is not valid for IPEDS reporting.

53.0199
High School/Secondary Diploma Programs, Other.

Any high school/secondary diploma program not listed above, such as diplomas awarded to special education students for completion of an individualized education plan (IEP). This CIP code is not valid for IPEDS reporting.

53.0201
High School Equivalence Certificate Program.

An instructional program that defines the requirements for meeting the minimum high school/secondary completion requirements specified by a U.S. state or other jurisdiction, for adult learners who did not complete secondary school. Includes undertaking a specified program of studies and obtaining a prescribed passing score on the General Educational Development Test (GED) or provincial examinations. These awards represent the legally recognized equivalent of secondary school graduation. This CIP code is not valid for IPEDS reporting.

53.0202
High School Certificate of Competence Program.

An instructional program that defines the content requirements for meeting specified performance standards in various secondary school studies that does not represent completion of and graduation from secondary school, as prescribed by a U.S. state or other jurisdiction. Includes such requirements as passing a state- or province-mandated academic achievement test and completing other specified requirements for subject-matter competence. These awards may be given for partial completion of secondary school or for achieving a specified high level of concentration and/or performance in certain subjects, and may be awarded independently or in conjunction with a high school/secondary diploma. This CIP code is not valid for IPEDS reporting.

53.0203
Certificate of IEP Completion Program.

An instructional program that defines the requirements for meeting specified goals pertaining to an Individual Educational Program established by a local school system under the authority of a state or other jurisdiction. Specific content varies by student and may or may not equal a regular high school/secondary school program. This CIP code is not valid for IPEDS reporting.

53.0299
High School/Secondary Certificates, Other.

Any certificate program at the high school/secondary instructional level not listed above. This CIP code is not valid for IPEDS reporting.

HISTORY.

54.0101
History, General.

A program that focuses on the general study and interpretation of the past, including the gathering, recording, synthesizing and criticizing of evidence and theories about past events. Includes instruction in historiography; historical research methods; studies of specific periods, issues and cultures; and applications to areas such as historic preservation, public policy, and records administration.

54.0102
American History (United States).

A program that focuses on the development of American society, culture, and institutions from the Pre-Columbian period to the present. Includes instruction in American historiography, American history sources and materials, historical research methods, and applications to the study of specific themes, issues, periods, and institutions.

54.0103
European History.

A program that focuses on the development of European society, culture, and institutions from the origins to the present. Includes instruction in European historiography, European history sources and materials, historical research methods, and applications to the study of specific themes, issues, periods, and institutions.

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